Kabul, 4 Feb 2014 (ENNA)– The 11 presidential candidates contesting the 5 April Afghan elections started their political campaign this month. The Independent Election Commission (IEC) of Afghanistan has set 3 conditions for them: “They should conclude their campaign 48 hours before the polling day; they should not provoke ethnical, lingual and religious issues during their campaign; and they should honour the ceiling of expenditures that have been set at 10 million Afghanis (€ 130.000)”.



The 11 presidential candidates :

abdullah ABDULLAH ABDULLAH: Having gained 31 percent of the vote as runner-up to Karzai in the disputed 2009 elections, Abdullah has an advantage in name recognition and political organization. He was a close aide to the late Ahmad Shah Masood, the Northern Alliance rebel commander famed for his resistance to Soviet occupation and the Taliban. Abdullah has a strong following among ethnic Tajiks in Afghanistan's north, but his perceived weak support among Pashtuns — Afghanistan's largest ethnic group at 42 percent — could keep him from gaining a majority of votes, even though he is half-Pashtun.


 Rassoul in crowd ZALMAI RASSOUL:  Former foreign minister, Rassoul has been national security adviser to the government  and is seen as close to Karzai. He could end up being a consensus candidate among many political factions. He is Pashtun, has a medical degree and is fluent in five languages.He has the only female candidate for vice president : Habiba Surabi, Bamyan’s governor. Habiba Surabi



Ahmadzai2 ASHRAF GHANI AHMADZAI: Former finance minister who ran in the 2009 presidential elections but received just 3 percent of the vote. Ghani chairs a commission in charge of transitioning responsibility for security from the U.S.-led coalition to Afghan forces.

ABDUL RAB RASOUL SAYYAF: An influential former lawmaker and religious scholar. Sayyaf is one of the more controversial candidates because of his past as a warlord during the 1990s civil war and allegations of past links to radical jihadists including Osama bin Laden. As a Pashtun and charismatic speaker, he may appeal to Afghanistan's religious conservatives.

QAYYUM KARZAI: A businessman and the elder brother of President Karzai, he studied in the United States and previously served in the National Assembly. He is not seen as his brother's favoured successor.

QUTBUDDIN HILAL: An engineer by training with experience in Afghanistan's Defense Ministry, he once headed a military commission tasked with uniting jihadi organizations. He twice served as first vice president — in 1993 and 1996 — and also served as deputy prime minister.

ABDUL RAHIM WARDAK: Karzai's longtime defense minister until he was removed by Parliament in 2012. Wardak was educated in the US, is Pashtun from Wardak province. He earlier served as a senior commander fighting against the Soviet occupation.

MOHAMMAD SHAFIQ: Popularly known with the nickname of "the bulldozer" for serving as public works and transport minister. Previously a mujahedeen commander in Kandahar, he also has served as governor of Kandahar and later governor of Nangarhar.

MOHAMMAD NADER NAEEM: Naeem is the grandson of Sardar Dawood Khan, a former president of Afghanistan. He earned a computer science degree in London and served as chief of staff to Afghanistan's King Zahir Shah.

AMIN ARSALA: Born in Kabul to an influential Afghan family, Amin was the first Afghan to join the World Bank, in 1969. He worked at the World Bank for 18 years before joining the fight against the Soviet occupation. Arsala later served as finance minister, briefly as foreign minister, and after the collapse of the Taliban he was selected as commerce minister. For years, he served as a senior adviser to Karzai.

MOHAMMAD DAOUD SULTANZAI: A pilot by training, he defected to Germany after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and then settled in the U.S. He returned to Afghanistan after the fall of the Taliban and went on to serve as a member of Parliament. Sultanzai also is known as an Afghan political commentator and talk show host.