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Brussels, 12 June 2014 (ENNA) - The impacts of the security transition in Afghanistan have not been uniform for women across the country. In some areas, women indicated their security has worsened. In other places women said their security situation has improved since the security transition. This is the main result of the third cycle in the research of APPRO (Afghanistan Public Policy Research Org.) and AWN (Afghan Women’s Network), funded by Cordaid, Dutch development organization. Monitoring the transition in Afghanistan is part of Cordaid’s program on Women’s Leadership for Peace and Security. The new findings of the research were presented in Brussels today. 

The research is done thoroughly and continuously, over a period of 1 year, in 12 provinces of Afghanistan and is looking into the security situation of women and the conduct of the Afghan Security Forces or other local security forces.  Different aspects have been checked : mobility and access of women to public life, access to health services and education, access to justice, violence against women and how police and justice is dealing with those complaints.  

The third report reveals that there is still a gap between good intentions and facts on the ground, but there is not one clear trend. Security for women has worsened in some areas, in other places it has been improved.

Especially in areas where a local police force is active, women complained about criminal activities and deteriorating security. In areas where the security situation has improved, the report found that the Afghan National Security Forces and communities themselves demonstrated (a much higher than expected) ability to resolve and deal with security and safety issues.

Perspectives on ANSF differed nonetheless: in Kabul ANSF personnel are considered as respectful towards and protective of women, whereas in Helmand some concerns were expressed whether ANSF has sufficient facilities and resources to fulfil its role adequately.  In Helmand, women said the ANSF to be unhelpful, unfriendly and rude. 

The main worry of women expressed during this research, was the lack of economic opportunities for women, particularly since donor aid programming in all transitioned provinces had decreased significantly. 

In the meantime, the first and second round of voting for the Presidential Elections has shown a very hopeful sign. 36% of the voters were women voters; an unprecedented number of Afghan women exercised their democratic right to vote. Regardless of the impacts of the security transition, it is a clear sign that these women want to have a say in how safe their lives will become in the post-transition period of their country. 

 

Read the synopsis of the third report :  Women's security in transition - Synopsis - June 2014

Read the full report :  Transition Monitor Cycle 3 Report Final - July 2014