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“It is important that the international community maintains its long-term commitments to Afghanistan, so that the gains made over the last 13 years are not lost. It is critical that both the Afghan government and the international community fulfil their obligations towards the Afghan people in promoting and delivering stability, development and humanitarian assistance. “This is the main conclusion of ACBAR, the Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief and Development, in its new published policy papers. 

ACBAR, ENNA's partner, is an Afghan independent non-governmental organization bringing together 128 national and international NGOs working in Afghanistan. ACBAR developed a series of papers for the follow-up to the Tokyo Conference in 2012 that established the TMAF, focusing on aid effectiveness, governance, service delivery and women’s rights.  Challenges are highlighted alongside progress, with key recommendations summarized in the policy papers. The papers are endorsed by ENNA. The next donor conference, the London Conference on Afghanistan, is scheduled on 4th of December 2014.

 

Read summery and recommendations ACBAR : Transforming Development Beyond Transition in Afghanistan SUMMARY

 

 

Afghanistan

Afghanistan remains one of the least developed countries in the world. Poverty rates do not appear to have declined between 2007 and 2011, and demographic pressures are rising.Afghanistan remains highly dependent on aid.

Insecurity has continued to spread with devastating impact on civilians. In 2014, civilian casualties rose by 24 per cent compared to 2013 as a result of the conflict. Ground engagements, crossfire and the use of indiscriminate and unlawful Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) remain the highest cause of casualties, particularly affecting women and children. There are more than 672,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs).

There remains a considerable humanitarian emergency, which is under-funded. Nine million Afghans need humanitarian assistance, 5 million of whom require life-saving support.In addition to commitments under TMAF, the international community must respond to emergency needs and fully fund the humanitarian appeals for Afghanistan.

Violence against women continues to be a widespread problem across Afghanistan. Although the numbers of women reporting violence increased by 28 per cent in 2013, there was practically no change in the number of cases tried under the Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW) law.There are concerns about the possible roll-back of women’s rights beyond 2014.

Hopes that Afghanistan’s rich natural resources would drive economic development and help to fund the Afghan government and security forces have not been fulfilled. Currently, mining provides less than 3 per cent of revenues.

 

TMAF

The 2012 Tokyo Conference sought to outline the development framework for Afghanistan moving through to the decade of ‘transformation’. The TMAF emerged as the result of the conference and is the instrument through which civilian development assistance is deployed in Afghanistan.

The international community pledged $16bn through to 2015 and vowed to maintain aid levels at close to those of the past decade through to 2017, conditional on the Afghan government fulfilling its commitments.

The 2014 London follow-up conference, to be co-hosted by the UK and Afghanistan on 25th of November, offers the opportunity to evaluate progress and prioritize for the next phase of the TMAF. What must remain central in the minds is the importance of meeting the development needs of the Afghan people.

 

Priority recommendations

Aid effectiveness

The international community must meet aid commitments as outlined in the TMAF and sustain aid through to 2017 and beyond.

 

 

Read ACBAR paper : Transforming Development Beyond Transition in Afghanistan AID EFFECTIVENESS

 

Governance

The Afghan government should clarify the structure, roles, responsibilities and reporting lines of all layers of sub-national governance bodies, particularly from the district level and below, and between elected and appointed offices. It should prioritize developing a work-plan on how to strengthen these bodies and communicate it

 

 

Read ACBAR paper : Transforming Development Beyond Transition in Afghanistan GOVERNANCE

 

Service delivery

The international community should commit sufficient long-term funding for the development of the country, in particular in areas of health, education and rural development, to ensure that progress is sustained and enhanced in the future, with programming focused on answering the current gaps and improving overall quality of services – based only on the needs of the local population, and not on military and political agendas.

 

Read ACBAR paper : Transforming Development Beyond Transition in Afghanistan SERVICE

 

Women’s rights

The Afghan government and the international community should report annually on measures they are taking to fulfil obligations towards Afghan women and girls enshrined in international mechanisms, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Afghan National Action Plan on Women Peace and Security in implementation of UNSCR 1325.

 

Read ACBAR paper : Transforming Development Beyond Transition in Afghanistan WOMEN'S RIGHTS